A quick clinical pearl for you.
One of the important ECG skills to have, is to be able to diagnose a paediatric ECG. Go to the Paediatric ECG page in the course to quickly read on this.
There are the important things to know which include:
- Kids are right heart dominant, then progressively become left heart dominant
- The intervals are a little different
- The T waves are upright in the first week of life and then flip until adolescence
What about the axis?
One of the first things I look at is the AXIS. The paediatric axis should be normal or rightward. If the axis is NORTHWEST, assume a congenital abnormality like a VSD etc.
JUST LOOK at aVF. If aVF is NEGATIVE= Congenital until proven otherwise.
Look at aVF; it’s NEGATIVE. So I know there is a congenital defect.
How will these children present. What are the clinical manifestations of this conditions and others? Go to Paediatric Heart Conditions you must know.